Allergies Spring Cleaning with Allergies & Asthma

Your Guide to Keeping Tidy and Healthy

Bucket of cleaning materialsSpring cleaning can be more than just a daunting chore for people with allergies and asthma. Dust, pet hair, and fumes from cleaning supplies can leave you reaching for the tissues instead of the broom. But spring cleaning can also help you avoid allergy symptoms.

To help eliminate spring-cleaning confusion – and symptoms – here are some useful tips for removing allergens in the home while avoiding accidentally letting more in.

A Fresh Breeze Won’t Please  The first sign of balmy temperatures might give you an urge to open your windows to let in fresh scents. But this can also lead to unwanted pollen particles entering the home and making you sneeze long after your spring cleaning is complete. Before you reach for the air fresheners and candles to get your fresh-scent fix, be aware that chemicals found in these items can spur asthma attacks. 

Rub-a-Dub-Scrub  Bathrooms, basements, and tiled areas can be especially prone to mold. The key to reducing mold is moisture control. Be sure to use bathroom fans, and clean up any standing water immediately. Scrub any visible mold from surfaces with detergent and water, and completely dry the area. You can also help ward off mold by keeping humidity in the home below 60 percent and cleaning gutters regularly.

Cleaning the entire house from top to bottom may take days, but you can get a head start by changing your air filters every three months.

Love Your Pet, Not Its Dander  After spending many days indoors during the winter, fur, saliva, and dander from your family pet are likely elevated throughout your home. Remove pet allergens by vacuuming frequently and washing upholstery, including your pet’s bed. Additionally, you should keep your pet out of your bedroom at all times to ensure you can sleep symptom-free.

Whole-House Deep Cleaning  Cleaning the entire house from top to bottom may take days, but you can get a head start by changing your air filters every three months and using filters with a MERV (minimum efficiency reporting value) rating of 11 or 12. Also, be sure to vacuum regularly to get rid of dust mites. Use a cyclonic vacuum, which spins dust and dirt away from the floor, or a vacuum with a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) filter. Wash bedding and stuffed animals weekly.

Don’t Neglect the Great Outdoors  As the grass turns green and flowers bud, it’s hard to restrict your spring cleaning routine to the indoors. To avoid pollen, know which pollens you are sensitive to and then check pollen counts. In spring and summer, during tree and grass pollen season, levels are highest in the evening. In late summer and early fall, during ragweed pollen season, levels are highest in the morning. Remember to take your allergy medication before you go outside. When mowing and gardening, wear gloves and a N95 particulate pollen mask. Avoid touching your eyes, and wash your hands, hair, and clothing once you go back indoors.

Even when you reduce the number of allergens in your home, allergy symptoms can still be bothersome. If you have seasonal and perennial allergies, you should make an appointment with a board-certified allergist, who can identify your allergy triggers and develop a treatment plan to eliminate your symptoms.

For more information about seasonal allergies, and to locate an allergist, visit

Source: American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology,

This article was originally published in 
Coping® with Allergies & Asthma magazine, Spring/Summer 2017.